Diabetes mellitus is a condition characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by not enough secretion of insulin or the insulin is enough but cannot work properly or both.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to take in glucose and use it as energy then lower the blood sugar levels.
The body of people with diabetes mellitus cannot produce or cannot respond to the insulin hormone, so the blood sugar levels rise and can cause short-term and long-term complications to the patients.
Concerned about the illness which commonly attack elderly, the Senior Living D’Khayangan in cooperation with OMNI Hospital Cikarang held a seminar on diabetes prevention at the Senior Living D’Khayangan, Kota Jababeka, Cikarang (11/29). The keynote speaker at the seminar was dr. Yosephine Yosi Sp.PD – KEMD from the OMNI Hospital.
According to dr. Yosephine, Diabetes Mellitus is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, starting from eating unhealthy foods to getting lazy in physical activities as the impact of rising incomes and purchasing power.
WHO predicts 21 million people in Indonesia in 2030 would have Diabetes Mellitus, she added.
dr. Yosephine further explained that there are eight conditions that cause Diabetes Mellitus, which are the failure of the pancreas to produce insulin, a malfunction of the pancreas to produce glucagon, the liver failure, the failure of intestinal function, the failure of muscle cells, the failure of fat cells, the failure of renal function, and the malfunction of the brain.
There are three kinds of Diabetes Mellitus prevention namely primary prevention, secondary prevention, tertiary prevention. The primary prevention is the prevention for people who are not affected by diabetes. The secondary prevention is for the people already affected by diabetes, but can be prevented from complications while the tertiary prevention is for the people with diabetes aimed to increase their life quality.
The general prevention can be done with a healthy diet, physical exercises, stop smoking, and taking diabetes medication regularly.