Worm diseases are common in Indonesian, especially among children. Although it seems insignificant, this disease can lead to the loss of nutrients needed by the body, decrease the immunity, inhibit the physical and mental development, intellectual decline in children, and lower the productivity.
Recognizing the problems, 4 students of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology (FTP) Brawijaya University (UB) conducted a study by developing an ornamental plant to become a tea to cure the worm diseases. The tea made from Miana leaves is called ‘Miantea’ by the four students named Inmas Putri, Della P Arumsari, Savrida Nurahmi, and Ica Raditia.
Miana leaves were selected for their abundance in Indonesia so the price is cheap, between Rp2,000 and Rp5,000. This leaf contains ingredients that can cure the worm diseases.
“Miana is also known as iler or ingler. Its leaves have a phenolic compound with anthelmintika activity, which is able to inhibit the growth and development of parasitic worms in the human body. Miana leaf is also rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins that have the function to prevent degenerative diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke,” said Inmas, as leader of the study.
The idea to create Miantea drink is praised by lecturer of FTP UB Novita Wijayanti, STP., MP. She said this drink provides a new breakthrough in the prevention and treatment of worm disease and can increase the economic value of Miana leaves.
“So far we only know Miana as an ornamental plant. Traditional worm treatment usually uses boiled manggo leaves. However, it tastes bitter so children would refuse to drink it. That is why we create the Miantea,” said Savrida.
The study itself was conducted for three months covering various processes ranging from teabag production to testing the content of phytochemical compounds and worm motility tests. The results showed that tea of Miana leaves contain phenol compounds high enough that can inhibit the growth of worms.
“On the motility test applied to tapeworm (Taenia solium), Miana tea was proven to cause paralysis and death within 36-96 hours,” said Della P Arumsari.